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GHG Reporting Frameworks 101

What are Greenhouse Gas reporting Frameworks?

Greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting frameworks provide a structured approach for organizations to measure, report, and manage their GHG emissions. Some common GHG reporting frameworks include:

  1. The GHG Protocol: Developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), the GHG Protocol is a widely used standard for GHG accounting and reporting. It provides a consistent approach for calculating and reporting GHG emissions from a variety of sources, including energy use, transportation, and industrial processes.
  2. The ISO 14064 standard: Developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 14064 is a standard for GHG accounting and verification. It provides guidance on how to measure, report, and verify GHG emissions in a transparent and consistent manner.
  3. The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI): The GRI is a non-profit organization that provides a framework for organizations to report on their economic, environmental, and social impacts. The GRI's GHG Protocol provides guidance on how to report GHG emissions in a consistent and transparent manner.
  4. The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP): The CDP is a non-profit organization that works with companies, cities, states, and regions to disclose their GHG emissions and climate-related risks and opportunities. The CDP provides a framework for organizations to report their GHG emissions and climate-related activities.

There are also a number of regional and national GHG reporting frameworks, such as the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) in Europe and the GHG Reporting Program in the United States.

How to start reporting your carbon emissions?

To start reporting your carbon emissions, you will need to follow these steps:

  1. Identify your scope: Determine which activities and sources of GHG emissions you will include in your report. This could include energy use, transportation, industrial processes, and other sources of GHG emissions.
  2. Collect data: Gather data on your GHG emissions and energy use, including information on energy sources, fuel consumption, and GHG emissions from specific activities. You may need to install meters or other monitoring equipment to accurately measure your emissions.
  3. Calculate your emissions: Use a GHG reporting framework or calculation tool to determine your GHG emissions based on the data you have collected.
  4. Report your emissions: Use a GHG reporting template or tool to organize and present your GHG emissions data in a clear and consistent manner. You may also need to provide information on your emissions reduction goals and strategies, as well as any external verification or assurance of your GHG data.
  5. Communicate your results: Share your GHG emissions report with stakeholders, including employees, customers, investors, and regulators. You may also choose to report your emissions through a third-party organization such as the CDP or GRI.

It's important to note that GHG reporting can be complex and requires a thorough understanding of GHG accounting principles and methodologies. If you are unsure about how to report your GHG emissions, you may want to seek guidance from a professional GHG reporting service or a certified GHG verifier.

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